undefined Agriculture Overview

Explore undefined agriculture and learn what makes it unique.


south-dakota20 yearsall

As South Dakota's number 1 industry, agriculture plays a vitally important role in the lives of many of its citizens. South Dakota farmland is made up of productive prairie derived soils on glacial till and its favorable climate promotes the growth of a wide variety of crops. South Dakota's agricultural impact is felt across the country as they commonly rank in the top 10 for the production of: Corn, Soybeans, Spring Wheat, Winter Wheat, Oats, Sorghum, Hay, Sunflower Seed, Barley, Rye, Millet, and Flaxseed. As of 2017, 89% of South Dakota's land area was farmland, totaling 43.2 million acres. There were a total of 29,968 farms with an average size of 1,443 acres.

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Production Value



south dakota Farmland Quick Facts

According to the latest USDA Census of Agriculture, South Dakota produced and sold $9.7 billion worth of agricultural products, of which, 53% can be attributed to Crops and 47% to Livestock, Poultry, and their products. South Dakota ranked eighth in the nation for the export of Soybeans, Soybean Meal, and Beef and Veal. South Dakota also ranked sixth in the United States for Corn exports.

The top 5 counties in terms of agricultural sales were Spink County, Brown County, Brookings County, Beadle County, and Marshall County. Combined, these five counties make up 17% of South Dakota's agricultural revenue.

Top Crops and Commodities


Top Crops and Commodities
  • cattle
  • corn
  • soybeans
  • hogs
  • milk
  • other
Economic Impact
Number of Farms
Average Farm Size

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Additional Documents

If you are interested in seeing a list of documents that are helpful for selling your farm, please download it here.

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